The interconnected nature of Critical Infrastructure requires cooperation and teamwork with a host of private and public entities, both domestic and international. These partnerships provide a conduit to exchange ideas, approaches, and best practices, facilitate security planning and resource allocation, and strengthen the bonds among the CIP community.
The HIFLD Working Group is a coalition of Federal, state, and local government organizations and supporting private industry partners who are involved with geospatial issues related to Homeland Defense, Homeland Security, Civil Support, and Emergency Preparedness and Response. HIFLD members share the common goal of identifying and facilitating acquisition of authoritative homeland infrastructure geospatial data for the Homeland Defense and Homeland Security mission areas and promoting domestic infrastructure geospatial information sharing, protection, collaboration, and knowledge management. The HIFLD Working Group is sponsored by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense with strong participation from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the National-Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM), and the Mission Assurance Division of the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC), Dahlgren Division.
Please login to the HIFLD website (https://www.hifldwg.org) for more information about upcoming meetings and to register to attend. If you need to request a password for the HIFLD website, please go to http://www.hifldwg.org and select the "How to Join" link at the top of the page. Password and login instructions will be sent to you via e-mail once your request is submitted and approved.
Department of Defense operations are global. Because of international interdependencies, military operations depend on infrastructures that extend beyond our national boundaries. The resilience and reliability of supporting infrastructures throughout areas of military operations and DoD activities are crucial. Military commanders and defense sectors place a value on the growing interdependency of national, international, and multinational infrastructures. Facilitating international cooperation and information exchanges are necessary to assure global critical infrastructures are available to DoD when required.
DoD cooperates with a number of international partners to ensure the availability of critical assets. DoD has worked within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) through the Conference of National Armaments Directors (CNAD), to identify opportunities for collaboration in the research, development, and production of military equipment and weapon systems. DoD representatives have participated in CNAD efforts to improve the protection of fixed, critical infrastructure on NATO-member territory using current technologies and leveraging ongoing research and design efforts.
The U.S. also enjoys a strong partnership with Canada, befitting our common border, interlinked economies, and shared history. The North American Technology and Industrial Base Organization (NATIBO), chartered in March 1987, is a key partnership linking the respective Defense Departments of the U.S. and Canada. Its mission is to promote a cost effective, durable technology and industrial base that is responsive to the national security and economic needs of each country. The NATIBO seeks to foster cooperation between the U.S. and Canadian governments in development of coordinated technology and defense industrial base policies and programs, promote data sharing, and provide a forum for exchanging information and ideas.
The U.S. and Canada, in conjunction with Mexico, also launched the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP) in March 2005 as a trilateral effort to increase security and enhance prosperity through greater cooperation and information sharing. Key priorities for the SPP include emergency management; influenza pandemics; energy security; and safe and secure border gateways. The U.S. and Canada have established a close working relationship with regards to SPP Goal 9: developing and implementing a common approach to critical infrastructure protection, and response to cross-border terrorist incidents and, as applicable, natural disasters. Specifically, the SPP CIP efforts focus on protection and response strategies and programs in mutually determined priority areas, including but not limited to, energy, dams, telecommunications, transportation, nuclear, radiological, DIB, and cyber systems.
The Defense Industrial Base (DIB) is the DoD, U.S. government, and private-sector worldwide industrial complex with capabilities to perform research and development, design, produce, deliver, and maintain military weapon systems, subsystems, components, or parts to meet military requirements. The DIB includes hundreds of thousands of domestic and foreign entities and their subcontractors performing work for DoD and other federal agencies. Defense-related products and services provided by the DIB equip, inform, mobilize, deploy, and sustain forces conducting military operations.
The National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace, the National Strategy for the Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets, and Homeland Security Presidential Directive-7, "Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization, and Protection" designate the Department of Defense as the Sector-Specific Agency (SSA) for the Defense Industrial Base.
As the DIB SSA, DoD is required to:
- Collaborate with all relevant Federal departments and agencies, State and local governments, and the private sector, including with key persons and entities in the DIB sector;
- Conduct or facilitate vulnerability assessments of the DIB sector; and
- Encourage risk management strategies to protect against and mitigate the effects of attacks against critical infrastructure and key resources.
To execute the SSA responsibilities for the DIB successfully, DoD must engage in ongoing activities to build trust with the DIB critical asset owners and operators to support two-way information sharing and to maintain meaningful relationships and frequent dialogue across the diverse array of DIB stakeholders. Private-sector critical infrastructure program participation is voluntary. Many large size defense industry firms place a great deal of emphasis on protecting their physical, human, and cyber assets. On the other hand, many of the medium and smaller size businesses are challenged to make the capital investments required to perform vulnerability assessments and build resiliency into their operational capabilities.
Government Coordinating Council/Sector Coordinating Council
Sector-specific planning and coordination are addressed through private sector and government coordinating councils that are established for each sector. Sector Coordinating Councils (SCCs) are comprised of private sector representatives. Government Coordinating Councils (GCCs) are comprised of representatives of the SSAs; other Federal departments and agencies; and State, local, and tribal governments. These councils create a structure through which representative groups from all levels of government and the private sector can collaborate or share existing consensus approaches to critical infrastructure and key resources protection.
DIB Sector Government Coordinating Council
GCCs coordinate strategies, activities, policy, and communications across government entities within each sector. The primary functions of a GCC include the following:
- Provide interagency strategic communications and cooridination at the sector level through partnership with DHS, the SSA, and other supporting Federal departments and agencies;
- Participate in planning efforts related to the development, implementation, update, and revision of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan and Sector-Specific Plans;
- Coordinate strategic communications, and issue management and resolution among government entities within the sector; and
- Coordinate with and support the efforts of the SCC to plan, implement, and execute the Nation's critical infrastructure/key resources protection mission.
The GCC seeks to provide effective coordination of DIB Sector security strategies and activities, policy, and communication across government and between the government and the Sector to support the nation's homeland security mission. In addition, the GCC coordinates with the other infrastructure sectors that interact with the nation's defense industrial base.
The GCC will:
- Identify items that need government-wide coordination and communication
- Identify needs/gaps in plans, programs, policies, procedures and strategies
- Acknowledge and recognize successful programs and practices
- Leverage complementary resources within government and between government and industry
GCC members include:
Department of Defense
DIB Sector Coordinating Council
The primary functions of an SCC include the following:
- Represent a primary point of entry for government into the sector for addressing the entire range of critical infrastructure/key resource protection activities and issues for that sector;
- Serve as a strategic communications and coordination mechanism between critical infrastructure/key resource owners, operators, and suppliers, and with the government during response and recovery as determined by the sector;
- Identify, implement, and support the information-sharing capabilities and mechanisms that are most appropriate for the sector. Information Sharing and Analysis Centers (ISACs) may perform this role if so designated by the SCC;
- Facilitate inclusive organization and coordination of the sector's policy development regarding critical infrastructure/key resource protection planning and preparedness, exercises and training, public awareness, and associated plan implementation activities and requirements;
- Advise on integration of Federal, State, regional, and local planning with private sector initiatives; and
- Provide input to the government on sector R&D efforts and requirements.
The DIB Sector Coordinating Council (SCC) was established and chartered as the framework to enable private sector owners and operators to engage DoD, DHS, and other SSAs on homeland security matters. The SCC provides a single point of contact for internal coordination on a wide range of sector-specific infrastructure protection activities and issues. It further provides a recurring forum for the DoD and the DIB to facilitate information sharing, identify common areas of interest, synergistically leverage activities, illuminate duplicative processes, and develop a prioritized list, by function area, of required DIB CIP program improvements. Industry associations participating in the SCC include:
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